What is Court? How Does it work? Brief Guide

The Court is a special place where important legal matters are decided. It’s like a big room or building where judges and lawyers work.

Courts are where people go to get help with problems or settle disputes. They are meant to be fair and make sure everyone gets treated equally.

Let’s explore more about what happens inside a court and why it is so important.

What happens inside a court? 

There are different people who play important roles inside a court. The main person is called Judge. The judge’s job is to listen both sides case and make fair decisions based on the laws and rules. They wear a special robe and sit on a high chair called a bench.

There are also lawyers in the court. Lawyers are people who have studied the law and help their clients present their cases. They talk to the judge, ask questions to the witnesses, and explain their story.

The people who come to the court are called Parties or litigants. They have a problem or a disagreement that they couldn’t solve on their own. They come to the court for help. The court listens to their arguments and looks at the evidence presented to make a fair decision.

Why Courts are important?

Courts are very important because they help to resolve problems and make sure everyone is treated fairly. They make decisions based on the law and what is right.

In the court, people have a chance to tell their story and get justice. It is a place where disputes and conflicts can be settled peacefully and legally.

Courts also help to maintain order and keep people safe. They enforce laws and make sure that people follow the rules of society.

Through their decisions, courts establish precedents that guide future legal cases, ensuring consistency and fairness.

Courts are places where people go to get help with their problems or settle disputes. They ensure that everyone is treated equally and that decisions are made based on the law.

Courts play an important role in our society by maintaining order, resolving conflicts, and upholding justice.

Types of Courts:

There are different types of courts where different kinds of cases are handled.

Small Claims Court: 

This is a special court where people can go to solve smaller problems or disagreements about money or property. It’s a simple and quick way to get help without the need for a lawyer. The judge listens to both sides and makes a decision.

Family Court: 

Family court helps families with problems like divorce, child custody, and child support. The judge in family court makes decisions that are in the best interest of the children and tries to help families work things out fairly.

Civil Court: 

The civil court handles cases between people or organizations, like disputes over contracts, property, or accidents. Here, the judge listens to both sides and decides who is right and what can be done to solve the problem.

Supreme Court: 

The Supreme Court is the highest court in the country. They decide on very important legal cases that affect the whole country.

The judges in the Supreme Court make decisions that set a precedent, which means they become a rule for future cases.

Each type of court has its own purpose and helps people solve different kinds of problems. They are important because they ensure fairness, help people find solutions, and uphold the law.

How court helps to solve a case?

First Step: ( Listen to Both Sides )

First, the court listens carefully to both sides of the case. These are the people who are arguing about something. One side explains why they think they are right, and the other side does the same.

Second Step: ( Checking of Evidence)

Next, the court looks at any evidence that can help understand what really happened. Evidence can be things like documents, pictures, or things people say. The court checks if the evidence is true and reliable.

Third Step: ( People Witness )

Then, the court asks people called witnesses to talk about what they know about the case. Witnesses are people who saw or heard important things related to what happened.

Fourth Step: ( Examination of Evidences and Witnesses )

After hearing both sides and examining the evidence, the court decides who is right and who is wrong. They make their decision based on the facts and laws that apply to the situation.

Fifth Setp: ( Final Decision – Judgment )

The court’s decision is called a judgment. It can be a win for one side or a compromise that satisfies both parties. Sometimes, the court may even decide that nobody is at fault.

When the court has made a decision, it must be followed by everyone involved. The court can also order someone to do something specific, like pay money or stop doing something wrong.

That’s how a court solves a case. They listen to both sides, examine the pieces of evidence, hear from witnesses, make a decision based on their findings, and everyone has to respect their judgment.


Q: Do courts only handle big problems?

No, courts can handle all kinds of problems, big or small. It could be about something as simple as a disagreement between friends or something more serious like a crime.

Q: How long does it take for a court to solve a problem?

It depends on the complexity of the problem. Some cases may be solved quickly, while others might take longer because the court needs more time to understand and think about everything.

Q: Does a court solve all problems?

No, not all problems need to go to court. Sometimes people can work out their problems by talking and finding a solution together, without needing a court to get involved.

Q: Are court decisions always fair?

Courts strive to be fair and make decisions based on the facts they hear from both sides. But sometimes, it can be hard to know exactly what happened or who is right. Courts do their best to be fair, but nobody is perfect.

Q: Can anyone go to court?

Yes, anyone can go to court if they have a problem that needs to be solved and they’re not able to solve it on their own.


A court is a special place where people go to solve problems and disagreements in a fair way. Inside a court, there is a judge who listens to both sides and makes decisions based on the facts and laws.

People talk about what happened and try to show why they are right. Courts handle all kinds of problems, big or small, and they aim to be fair to everyone involved.

You can also watch a case when the courts are open to the public. Overall, courts exist to help people find solutions and make fair decisions.

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